Ok. You bought your dream car. It has the most powerful YET fuel efficient engine on the market. You have to do your part in fighting global warming after all. The car comes with everything youve always wanted. It even comes with bells and whistles you never even knew existed.

By the end of this decade, a third of your car’s value will be in its electronics and advanced technologies. Current tech toys not only makes your car more fun but also safer to drive and lets them go farther on a gallon of fuel, and emit less pollution; all while zipping around corners quickly.

However, did you know that you can even add more technology to the car? Believe it or not but you actually can. There are advances in Bluetooth and navigation aspects. If youre car didnt come with a backup camera factory installed, then dont worry. They now make backup cameras which shoot clearer than your current digital camera. Isnt it exciting?

Here is a list put together from the people at Car and Driver and PC World of the newest and best add-on tech accessories being sold for your car. While some of these may not be cheap, they are definitely fun.

Traffic Info: Garmin Nvi 680  The best is never the cheapest. These shirt-pocket devices are the Nvi 680. They come with a 4.3-inch quarter VGA (QVGA, or 320-by-240) LCD screen. You can connect it to your car’s power and it receives real-time traffic reports, giving you a better idea of roads to avoid.

Add-On: HD Radio Directed Electronics Car Connect DMHD1000 – HD Radio can triple the radio broadcasts you receive. One frequency will carry the digital station while two others are multi-cast over the same frequency. The Car Connect HD tuner connects to any existing radio via the antenna for no loss of signal quality. All you need to do is mount a small module on the dash, then tune your radio to an unused FM station, or use the auxiliary input.

Car Stereo: Sony MEX-BT5000 – For a unique way to experience Bluetooth in your car, you need to replace your old stereo with one that integrates the latest in Bluetooth technology. The MEX-BT5000 has an AM/FM receiver, CD player, 24-bit DAC, and more. This Bluetooth isn’t just for phone calls. Using a device supporting A2DP (the Advanced Audio Distribution Profile), you can stream music off devices, and there are plug-in modules for iPods and satellite radio.

Cell-Phone Navigator: LG 9900 ENV  It seems every day portable navigators shrink even smaller and smaller. Theyre so tiny; its difficult to remember to take them with you. Consider this like a cell phone with navigation built-in, such as the LG 9900 enV running VZ Navigator software from Verizon and Networks in Motion. Place messaging lets you send a “GPS thumbtack” to someone else’s phone, setting your location as the destination.

GPS Navigation: Alpine PMD-B100 Blackbird  This one has it all. Here’s a navigation device you can use three ways: Try it as a battery-operated walkabout unit with a 3.6-inch color screen, as a dashboard-mounted personal navigation aid, or add a $200 docking module to it which hides the Blackbird under your seat and connects to an Alpine AV head unit with a big LCD. This last option gives you a system nearly as good as what you’d get built into a new car.

Cell-Phone Adapter: Parrot CK3100 LCD – Cell phones can be distracting and often illegal when held in your hand. If youre not a fan of an earpiece dangling as you drive, get a dash-mounted Bluetooth adapter such as Parrot’s, which connects to most car stereos or a separate speaker. Only a small display stays visible. There is also voice recognition which lets you dial by name.

Interior car maintenance should never be neglected. Spotless upholstery can make any journey, whether it’s around the corner or across the country, a much more pleasurable experience for you and your passengers. An automobile with seats that appear to be held together with duct tape or are covered in garbage will have the opposite effect. However, some damage to an automobile’s inside, the kind that’s more serious than stains or clutter, may not be the driver’s fault. In the event of an accident, quality auto body shops are equipped to fix both the interior and exterior of a car. But to avoid doing any cosmetic harm to your vehicle, here are some tips:

Keep Food and Drinks On The Table

Regardless of how well a drink sits in a cup holder, it still has the potential to spill. A nasty enough bounce over a pothole could do the trick. As popular as drive-through fast food is throughout the nation, ketchup and mustard can leave brutal stains on your car interior. The only surefire way to avoid lunch becoming an unsightly addition is to forego eating and drinking on the go altogether.

Bring a Trash Bag

Often, piles of garbage will pile up in an automobile and its owner may not have the time or the patience to clean it all out. This all-too common situation can be avoided if there’s already a place to put trash. Putting any waste in one convenient receptacle will also preserve an interior’s appearance, to a certain degree. A full bag of trash might not be the prettiest sight in the world, but it beats an arbitrarily arranged pile of junk.

Keep Cleaning Materials in the Glove Box

Plenty of products are custom made to remove stains from automobile interiors. Why not keep something on hand so spills can be stopped before becoming permanent eyesores? CNN even recommends keeping toothpaste in the glove compartment. Of course, that’s also handy if you happen to need to freshen up at some unexpected point during your travels.

Don’t Smoke Inside The Car

It’s a well-established fact that smoking can lead to serious damage to anyone’s health. But a car filled with cigarette smoke can cause a yellow or brownish veneer to develop on upholstery. For that matter, a dropped cigarette can leave burn marks on carpets or sears or even cause an accident in a worst-case scenario. Refusing to smoke inside a car will not only prevent these problems but it could even help a smoker cut down and may even eventually break the habit.

Keep Kids Accountable

CNN also points out that youngsters aren’t always the greatest at picking up after themselves. For moms and dads who spend lots of time driving, the news source recommends a “Bring It In, Take It Out” policy. That way, families can guarantee that backpacks, lunch boxes or whatever other accoutrements wee ones carry won’t turn into car clutter.

However, if an automobile’s interior has been dealt more serious damage – such as the type that can result from an accident – its owner should consider contacting a collision repair shop where technicians specialize in repairing both the exterior and interior of any vehicle.

The engine is the most expensive and complex component of any standard vehicle. When it begins to overheat, it can be for a number of reasons; including clogged radiator, bad thermostat, low coolant, broken fan belt, broken cooling fan, coolant leak, and more. But the underlying reason behind any overheating engine is due to the vehicle’s cooling system losing its ability to regulate and remove excess heat from the motor. Although an unpleasant predicament to be in, when your car overheats while driving, it’s important to not panic. Continue reading for an instructional guide for safely and efficiently managing an overheating engine on the road.

Managing an Overheated Car Engine

Whether you notice your dashboard’s temperature gauge climbing, or see smoke bellowing from underneath your hood, when an engine begins to overheat, it is critical to stop the vehicle as soon as possible. This means pulling over to the side of the road, shoulder of the interstate, into a parking lot, or neighborhood development. No matter where you are, you must immediately find a place to stop and park.

If you feel like you can make it to the nearest service center, the first thing to do is shut off your AC, open all the windows, and turn ON your heat. This sounds crazy in the summertime (or even the winter opening the windows), but turning on the heat and opening car windows relieves pressure from the engine and can buy you some time to get to an auto repair shop.

Once you are at a stop, whether on the side of the road or a service station, be sure to not open the hood until it stops steaming. This could take up to 30 minutes. If you are at a service station, a technician will handle everything, including this; but if you are by yourself on the road, just be sure to wait before you pop the hood.

Once the car cools down, you can pop the hood and open the radiator cap. Check to see that you have engine coolant and that it is the color it should be (whatever color it is when it’s new). If you notice reddening or odd coloring, then your coolant is dirty and needs replaced. If it is just low, try refilling it with your emergency stash of radiator fluid in the trunk. Everyone should always have radiator fluid and windshield wiper fluid on hand at all times for emergencies.

If you do not have coolant on-hand, simply use water instead. You don’t have either, it is best to contact a local roadside assistance service for help. Then have them transfer your vehicle to the nearest service station for inspections and service.

Genesis 950 is a cleaner like no other. It is a surfactant based cleaner that works with water to break apart stains and lift them from the surface. It is a green cleaner, and in turn is safe for you, your family and your pets. There are no harsh chemicals, there is no bleach, and no ammonia. In addition to safely cleaning, it also deodorizes and removes odors. On top of that, it will also kill bacteria and deter mold growth.

Genesis 950 can be used as a spot cleaner or as a full out carpet cleaner compatible with steam cleaning machines and other carpet cleaners. As a spot cleaner, Genesis 950 should be mixed at a ratio of 1 part Genesis 950 to 7 parts water. Using a spray bottle, or a bucket with the mixture and a sponge or cloth, clean the stained area. Allow it to sit for a few moments, then rinse with water. In the example to the right, a very heavily stained outdoor carpet is being cleaned using Genesis 950 and water in the described 1:7 ratio. The carpet was covered in some of the toughest stains to remove. Grass stains, grease stains and oil stains were found throughout the carpet. It also had some mold growth on it as well as everyday dirt from traffic. After being sprayed with the mixture, the carpet was gently scrubbed with a simple sponge. You can see the dramatic difference in the photo with the sponge. After using the sponge, the carpet was rinsed with a separate clean sponge. The real dramatic change can be seen in the photo below which shows the full carpet in a before and after shot. This carpet went from being ready to go on the curb to looking like a brand new carpet.

As solution in a carpet cleaning machine, Genesis 950 works like nothing you have ever used before. Unlike other cleaners, there is no soap in Genesis 950. Rather then clog your carpet up with suds and chemicals, it breaks down whatever is in the carpet. This particular carpet was plagued with stains. The area was in a basement where cats were kept when they were home alone. There were several accidents. From urine stains to vomit, these cats did everything you don’t want a cat to do on the carpet. The stains accumulated over time. Some were yellowish from the urine. Some were tinted with dye from the food that didn’t go down right. On top of pet stains there were traffic stains as this also served as the area where winter boots and wet shoes would go. Over time the stains got worse. Attempts were made regularly to clean the stains with typical cleaners found in every grocery store and box outlet. Some of the most popular and most trusted cleaners were used. They however did not remove the stain. In fact, much of the gray seen in the photo is not from pet stains or from traffic stains, it is what was left behind when other cleaners were tried. Eventually, Genesis 950 was used in a Bissel Pro Heat. As you can see, the results are night and day. Not only did Genesis 950 remove months of stains, it also removed the stains left behind by other cleaners.

Genesis 950 is perfect for pet stains. The reason for that is because of how it breaks down the stains. Because there are no harsh chemicals, the carpet is not affected in any way. Some cleaners will actually oxidize the carpet, causing it to change colors. Genesis 950 also has no enzymes in it which is very important. Enzymes are not very effective for removing pet stains. Enzymes operate on the concept that one structure will alter or affect another. This theory implies that the enzymes will break down the stains from a pet. What makes enzymes problematic is that they are very sensitive as to what they affect. For example, a pet’s diet or health may alter variations in the urine. Such variations prevent the enzyme from altering the stain. Likewise, temperature is another factor. If the temperature is off, the stain can not be broken down. There are other factors too. How old is the enzyme? Has anything else been used on the area that will alter the enzyme? Genesis 950 is also ideal for pet stains because it doesn’t contain ammonia or vinegar. Far too often pet owners are given the misdirection to clean pet stains with either vinegar or ammonia. This is the worst advice that could possibly be given. Both vinegar and ammonia contain some of the same chemical compounds found in urine. Cats and dogs alike urinate in an area based on scent. They prefer to go in generally the same spot. Because vinegar & ammonia contain some of the same compounds found in urine, that smell can mislead them and cause them to go in any area you clean with it. Because Genesis 950 deodorizes, it will actually kill the germs and bacteria that are released from pet stains and prevent your animal from going in that spot again.

But Genesis 950 isn’t just for pet owners. It will clean some of the worst stains you can imagine. To the left is one of the worst stains imaginable. Pasta! Pasta stains are never a pretty site. This particular stain came from an entire bowl of ravioli spilled on the floor. This was brand new carpet in the room where food should not have even been! Naturally, that is where the stain ended up. In this example, the stain was first treated by hand using the 1:7 ratio of Genesis 950 and water. However because the pasta was so thick, it seeped down into the fibers and needed to be cleaned with a machine. A Spotbot was used to clean this area. With the spot bot, the portable machine was placed on top of the stain where it’s brushes were allowed to gently rotate into the carpet while the machine extracted the stain. To speed the process up, and directly attend to the stain, the attachment hose was used to clean the area. As seen in the bottom photo, the Genesis 950 was able to completely remove the stain and restore the carpet to it’s original new state, leaving no indication there was ever a stain.

Genesis 950 is sold in concentrate form. Unlike other cleaners, it is not watered down. When you purchase Genesis 950, you are buying a concentrated cleaner. This also makes Genesis 950 easy to use in a machine. There are two types of carpet cleaning machines.

There are machines that have 2 compartments. One for water, and one for solution. In these machines, simply fill the reservoir that holds water with straight water, and the reservoir that holds solution with straight Genesis 950. These types of machines then have settings which determine how much solution is mixed with the water. Generally these settings are low, medium heavy and rinse. For most stains, we would recommend the heavy setting. Once you have selected your level, simply go over the carpet. Once you have cleaned the entire carpet, go over it a second time using only water in the machine, or using the rinse cycle. This will flush out and pick up everything the Genesis 950 has broken apart in the carpet. In some cases, you may want to rinse more then once depending on how dirty the return water is.

Other types of machines have 1 tank where the water and cleaning solution are mixed. In these machines, we again recommend a 1:7 ratio of Genesis 950 to water. This can however be bumped up to a 50/50 mix if needed. As with the other machine types, once you have cleaned the carpet, go over it a second time. This time with only water in the tank. This will allow the carpet to be rinsed of everything the Genesis 950 has broken up and lifted.

Genesis 950 will clean more then stains and carpet though. It will degrease engines, make grills look new, give your car a detailing like nothing else and can be used in kitchens and bathrooms. You will never find a cleaner so diverse. On top of it, it’s green!!!

Driveline vibrations can be tricky to diagnose, because you can’t get under the car and see what is going on while it is driving down the road at 60 MPH. If you have read my first article on the three types of driveline vibration, you have a pretty good way of narrowing down the list of possibilities based on if the vibration is engine speed related, vehicle speed related, or engine load related. Here are some other considerations to keep in mind when diagnosing a classic car vibration.

The first thing to consider is the overall current situation. If this is a new build that has never been run before, then everything is suspect. You may have total faith in your engine builder, but could one of his tools be out of calibration? Is the engine supposed to be externally balanced, and you ordered the correct flywheel but actually received one for an internally balanced engine? Are your driveshaft angles out of spec? Could you possibly have a defective pinion or axle bearing, a bent axle, a warped wheel, or a tire out of balance? Is your exhaust touching the body or another component at any point? Are all the suspension bolts, body to frame bolts, and steering linkage nuts/bolts tight?

If this is a modified car, there are so many more things to think about. If you have 1968 Camaro (my favorite year!) with a Total Cost Involved front end, a late model LS3 engine with home-made engine mount towers, a Keisler transmission, a Currie 9″ rear end, and a Detroit Speed rear spring and shock package, there are a number of different opportunities for incompatibility, not to mention the fact that the car is almost 40 years old and the production tolerances back then were considerably “looser” than they are now. Aftermarket companies usually design their parts to fit a completely stock car, and their parts will usually fit an otherwise unmodified car very well. When you start to combine aftermarket parts from different manufacturers, you sometimes run into problems. The aftermarket front end may be designed to improve cornering ability which changes some geometry that the aftermarket transmission system also changes due to tunnel interference with the transmission, and then the rear end company also takes a few liberties with their design to make the rear end fit several different cars, and the rear suspension company modifies the geometry for maximum traction when drag racing. Each part by itself works perfectly with an otherwise stock car, but when all are combined you can end up with a car where the transmission touches the car body and the driveshaft angles are unacceptable. This of course isn’t always the case, but if you run into a vibration problem on a heavily modified car you need to take this possibility into account.

If it is a recent restoration that was vibration-free before, then first look at anything that was changed, and the relationship all those components have with other systems on the car. If you just swapped a Ford 9″ rear end into your Chevy, the rear end itself may be fine, but you could have altered the driveshaft angles. An angle that was barely acceptable before might be slightly beyond the limit now, creating a vibration.

Sometimes you have to “think outside the box”. I once corrected a “vibration” in a two year old, 25,000 mile Buick Lesabre that had a vibration complaint since day one. It had been to three different dealerships, where they had rebalanced and replaced the tires and wheels several times, had multiple wheel alignments, and even had the shocks and struts replaced. I noticed on a test drive that the vibration was only in the steering wheel. I could not feel it in the seats, the armrests or the dash, or see it in the mirrors. I took it back to the shop and ran over some speed bumps at about 10 MPH to see what happened, and the steering wheel moved about three inches up and down! I was a service writer at the time, and all of the technicians refused to believe that the steering column could be loose from the factory, so none of them would work on it. I dug into the dash and found that two of the four bolts that secure the steering column to the dash were about three turns shy of being even finger tight! It had come that way from the factory, and none of the previous technicians had taken the time to pay attention to what was actually happening with the car. I tightened the loose bolts, and I had a customer for life! Sometimes you have to open your mind a little, and throw all assumptions out the window.

The bottom line is to take your time and consider all the possibilities. Assess the overall situation, drive the car, and think about what is happening. Don’t make any assumptions, and realize that aftermarket parts from different reputable companies aren’t always designed to work with each other. Have an open mind, and with patience any vibration problem can be diagnosed and corrected.

Regardless if you have just recently purchased a new car or are looking to spruce up your old vehicle, adding floor mats can make all the difference. Whether you are purchasing floor mats from a car dealership or a automotive shop, the options are usually large and may be confusing. Generally, there are two main categories of floor mats: rubber floor mats and carper floor mats. When making a decision between the two materials, the choice is generally one of desired look and specific needs.

Rubber floor mats are the better choice for vehicles that do a great deal of hauling materials or people. Look to include rubber floor mats in truck beds or in the rear of vehicles and in trunks. In addition to being much easier to clean than their carpet cousins, rubber floor mats may offer a bit of skid protection, so that items you are hauling are not catapulted from one end of your vehicle to another. Also, if you live in an area of the country that experiences particular messy weather or have a great deal of mud around your home or place of business, you may want to consider rubber floor mats specifically for the clean up potential.

Carpet floors mats are generally designated for cars, although there is no one reason why carpet must be included in cars and vice versa. Generally, carpet floor mats are though to look better, and are often purchased directly from the dealership in a color that matches the interior carpeting of the vehicle. If you purchase carpet floor mats from an automotive store or an outside source other than a dealership, you may have potential problems in matching the color of the floor mat to the color of your interior. In this instance, consider using a coordinating color that will hide stains and clean up easily while looking nice with the interior of your car.

Although carpet floor mats are usually purchased for vehicles designed for transportation instead of hauling purposes, many individuals find them inappropriate. Especially if you have small children or pets, carpet floor mats can become easily dirty and stained with muddy feet or spills. For this reason, consider mats that are topped with a stain protective coating so that spills and liquids puddle on the surface instead of soaking through the mat. Although floor mats are generally the line of protection for the carpet underneath, very few individuals ever let this carpet show and they often look for clear protective vinyl or rubber mats to protect their floor mats. Keep in mind that any floor mat should be secured to the floor to prevent slipping upon entering or exiting the vehicle, especially if the mat is located under the driver’s seat.

Consider using rubber floor mats for their customization options, since many individuals want to create a look especially for their car. These customizations can be anything from a name or nickname emblazoned on the floor mat to a cartoon character or a favorite sports athlete’s number. With the booming customization business involving vehicles of all makes, shapes, and sizes, it is not surprising the customized floor mats have also become a trendy extra for vehicles.

In the end, the choice of rubber or carpet floor mats is completely up to you. Consider first your purposes of the vehicle and then your budget to determine which type of mat will best meet your needs. If budget is a main concern in your choice, turn to the World Wide Web, where you can often find great prices on popular styles and brands of floor mats.

Owners of motorcycle or ATV always complain about their batteries. If you dont have a motorcycle battery charger or a battery trickle charger, you will definitely have problems. A battery will self-discharge at the rate of 5% per month just sitting around. It would seem logical to assume that a low battery can be charged simply by riding your bike or atv. A low battery cannot be fully charged by riding the bike, no matter how far you go.

Lets start with the battery. If the bike is not in use for 30 days, the battery should be placed on charge with a 2 amp or smaller battery trickle charger for 24-48 hours every 30 days with no usage. This would be a very good idea on bikes that are ridden only once or twice a month as well. Most automotive battery chargers charge at 6, 10, or greater amperage. Using a motorcycle battery charger like that will overheat the battery, warping the plates inside until they ground out against each other, shortening battery life. A battery should never be charged at more than 10% of its rated capacity. The largest battery in our industry is 20 amps, so 2 amps is the maximum charge rate for that battery. Anything more will damage it.

Besides damaging the battery when charging at excessive amperage, the battery remains low on charge after the quick charge, and the same damage will occur, even if you are successful in getting the bike to start. Then the charging system will be strained running the bike with the low battery, possibly causing damage to the alternator components.

When a battery is in a low state of charge (for a period of time), the acid in it separates (as mentioned in last paragraph). This causes a condition known as sulfation. Sulfation causes deterioration of the lead plates inside the battery, leading to an early failure. The lower that the batteries state of charge becomes, the faster sulfations effects take over, weakening the battery quicker.

Once a battery has been left completely dead, they will almost always not come back from that totally dead condition. The handful that will, are almost never very reliable or very strong again.

The bottom line to this battery deal is to work to never let the battery go dead or stored in a low state of charge.

It is best to think of motorcycle battery chargers or battery trickle chargers as a maintenance system. A motorcycle battery chargers or battery trickle chargers are basically designed to replace the energy required to start the motorcycle. In effect, a battery that started the bike at 80% charge, will likely only get to 80-85% after running. Not only will riding the bike with a low battery not fully charge the battery, this causes the battery charger to charge as hard as it can while trying to charge the low battery. A motorcycle battery charger or battery trickle charger are not designed to stay at full charge level for extended periods. When required to do so, this over heats rectifiers, stator windings, and regulator components causing them to fail. This only adds to the cost of replacing the battery that was failing anyway.

A motorcycle battery charger or battery trickle charger can be purchased for below $40. If you prefer not to have to remember to plug/unplug the charger during storage, a battery trickle charger is a great solution as they can be left plugged in.

Many vehicle owners may be unaware it is not always necessary to buy a brand new engine when the old one in their car fails to work. As in clothes and furniture, there are also second hand engines that although may not have the newest parts can still perform its needed functions. These are the so-called rebuilt or remanufactured engines.

Rebuilt engines are those that have been dismantled, checked, cleaned and their parts repaired or replaced for upgrading purposes. Using this type of engine known as repowering is less expensive compared to purchasing a new engine or vehicle and it can even lengthen your cars life if you choose the right one for your vehicle. Some parts may still be the original or they can be slightly used or they can also be brand new. Whats important to remember is to always ask for a warranty from manufacturers. Others may provide a certified staff and checks on used engines or a combination of both.
Involved in the process of rebuilding engines are the reforming of the piston-cylinder system, smoothing and lubricating of all bearings, regrounding of crankshaft or camshaft and connecting of rods that have been gauged. Replacement of other parts including the timing belt and gaskets may also be needed.

A big advantage of using rebuilt engines is its low cost despite the intensive labor that went into manufacturing it. There are many online vendors these days that offer cheap rebuilt and used engines or motors of various brands allowing vehicle owners to gain sufficient savings. Among the popular brands that are in demand are the Ford engines as well as those from Japanese-made vehicles such as Toyota and Honda.

Another benefit of rebuilding engines is the fact that they are now able to meet the latest original equipment manufacturer (OEM) specifications. With improvements in OEM specifications different from the original, your engine has a good chance of running smoother and more efficiently than before.

In line with this trend of using rebuilt engines, the Automotive Repair Council (ARC) is taking steps to inform consumers about the advantages of installing a rebuilt engine and availing of machine shop services instead of buying a new or used vehicle or using a used engine. The council advocates that using a remanufactured engine is as good or even better than the original one. It is now distributing copies of its 16-page consumer booklet to its members in various states while providing relevant information on its website.

If youre one person considering using rebuilding engines or rebuilding your existing engine, Low Mileage Engines can help you. This company sells only certified remanufactured used car and truck engines both domestic and foreign models to include Chevrolet, Cadillac, Audi, Hyundai, BMW, Jeep, Toyota, Nissan and Lincoln. Low Mileage Engines supplies engines with verified mileage via the Carfax mileage verification.

Automotive 1Ethanol cars work in a way very similar to normal gasoline cars, and are a great viable alternative fuel option because of current high gas prices. The only real difference is that ethanol car engines are able to utilize the biofuel ethanol instead of oil based gasoline.

Ethanol fuel itself is extracted from plants such as corn or sugarcane, and refined into an alcohol. This alcohol is suitable to be used as a biofuel in cars and other vehicles. Most hybrid automobile engines that use ethanol can also use gasoline, and are also called flex-fuel engines. The ethanol is injected into the engine in the same way as a non-hybrid automobile engine. Though ethanol gives slightly less miles per gallon than gasoline, it doesn’t create as much air pollution when it is burned.

The similarities between ethanol flex-fuel engines and standard engines make ethanol cars cheaper than most alternative or hybrid vehicles, because they are built in much the same way as a regular engine. Ethanol is actually cheaper in some cases than gasoline, and thus a hybrid that runs on ethanol can be less expensive to operate than a gasoline based vehicle.

Most standard automobiles can even run on a 10% mixture of ethanol in gasoline. Many gas stations around the world offer ethanol as an alternative to gasoline, and in some countries cars are required to run on ethanol.

You can find out more information about Hybrid Cars at ProHybrid.com along with video news, reviews, and tools such as price quotes and an automotive loan calculator.

Diagnosis of the first failure can be measured. Application of gauges and instruments in accordance with national standards for car parts and various parameters of the effective measure of fault diagnosis and debugging is an indispensable method. Do not overlook the use of launch x431.Measure the length of use to the meter stick, and the length of the measure, including diameter, gap and displacement measurement to use to micrometer, micrometers, plug, plug ruler, tape measure, etc.; force and gravity measurements to use to measure force meter, and weighing devices, etc.; pressure and vacuum measurement use to gauge and vacuum table, etc.. Automotive measuring instruments also have a variety of measurement units, such as use for the measurement of sound pressure sound pressure level of dB values; for voltage measurement to the underlying value of such use.

For the steering system failure, use the instrument and the front wheel before the beam measured value of the steering wheels and so on before the beam; use the tire pressure gauge tire pressure measurement; point scale the amount available when necessary the rotation of the steering wheel to the exact determine cause of the malfunction. For the engine failure, to measure the cylinder in the engine cylinder after the dissolution of the diameter, measured piston diameter, thickness and open space, etc., to identify the exact cause of the failure to repair the engine; is to repair to re-measurement of the cylinder tube diameter, and in accordance with the requirements of groups, matching the piston and piston rings in order to fix the engine.

Diagnosis of electronic control system failure, even more indispensable measure, such as unstable or power of the lower engine work, the suspected oil pressure is insufficient, we must use the pressure gauge pressure measurement system; suspected electrical control system electronic control problems, necessary to use digital multimeter measuring voltage and resistance; with frequency counter and oscilloscope measurements such as frequency and amplitude. Hence a variety of measurement instruments and scales are maintenance personnel extension of eyes and hands, only to accurately determine the correct measure, while the seat of your pants is just the surface, the measurement method and instrumentation method combining the use of more measurement devices should be more accurate diagnosis.

Can also be sub-test for diagnosis of faults. lexia3 on solving problems is very effect. The so-called sub-checking method is the car mechanics of the motor vehicles on the line, with the system piping and check the nature of the fault line of work, inspections will be in accordance with the system starting from the power source system to the enforcement agencies along the route lookup is also available after to pre-order search, you can find from the middle, depending on the experience of the examiner. If suddenly from the implementing agencies to find a good course, or have to return back to previous search.

For example, and instructions for lighting system failure, the principle should be power on – switch – fuse – Relay – wire – light bulb line, front to back beginning to find that experience can first check the fuse, some people might first check light bulbs, there is people may first check relay, when the front to back or forward, finding out may occur in the middle of the problem may be bad combination switch, there may be broken wire somewhere.

The brake system failure, the principle on the brake pedal should be – vacuum boosters – brake master cylinder – Brake Lines – load sensing valve – brake pipe – wheel brakes in order to be checked. For experience you can from the wheel brake or brake master cylinder started checking, and then check the other part; but difficult for the brake system failure, it should be after the use of measuring instruments used to to check and measure. To find the cause of the malfunction.

The steering drive system failure, the principle on the steering wheel should be – Steering – Steering gear – steering wheel of the order of inspection. For convenience, you can shift gears from somewhere open, easier to determine fault in the steering gear or transmission of the rear part. Use of the existing theoretical knowledge, with the sub-test for orderly conduct of inspection, will eventually find the root causes of failure.

Partial disassembly method can also diagnose faults..Called partial disassembly method, that is, car mechanics Yijing identify a fault in the assembly Mouge After it, a time not Zhunquepanduan which half of the failures occurred, they can in accordance with the assembly of the working principle of the demolition of a local Bufen function check, and then put something in the method. If the method used properly, can immediately determine the site of fault, therefore, be regarded as a simple partial disassembly method of rapid diagnosis of vehicle faults.Partial disassembly method and test method has many similarities, the difference is mainly local demolition method to demolition, dismantling and try again in a diagnostic faults.

For example, a suspected engine cylinder is not working, single-cylinder off oil removal method can be used to check, remove the partial demolition of a high pressure pipe fittings cylinder engine running in both speed and sound change is that the tank is working properly; without reflecting is not working properly.Some of the best major to diagnostic techniques, such as mb star.Lack of engine power when the suspect blocked air filter, you can try removing the air filter core engine, such as the power of the air filter case without recovery, fault here.

Partial disassembly method is actually to work the engine or the electric loss of the original function, while movements in non-normal conditions, it must be careful disassembly, when it comes to security projects to take appropriate safety measures. Better technology has launch x431, lexia3, mb star. All the fault diagnosis methods are complementary, the purpose is to find the car the fault occurred. Flexible use of fault diagnosis, fault can find cars, targeted on the cars and engines maintenance, restoration of normal use function.