Owners of motorcycle or ATV always complain about their batteries. If you dont have a motorcycle battery charger or a battery trickle charger, you will definitely have problems. A battery will self-discharge at the rate of 5% per month just sitting around. It would seem logical to assume that a low battery can be charged simply by riding your bike or atv. A low battery cannot be fully charged by riding the bike, no matter how far you go.

Lets start with the battery. If the bike is not in use for 30 days, the battery should be placed on charge with a 2 amp or smaller battery trickle charger for 24-48 hours every 30 days with no usage. This would be a very good idea on bikes that are ridden only once or twice a month as well. Most automotive battery chargers charge at 6, 10, or greater amperage. Using a motorcycle battery charger like that will overheat the battery, warping the plates inside until they ground out against each other, shortening battery life. A battery should never be charged at more than 10% of its rated capacity. The largest battery in our industry is 20 amps, so 2 amps is the maximum charge rate for that battery. Anything more will damage it.

Besides damaging the battery when charging at excessive amperage, the battery remains low on charge after the quick charge, and the same damage will occur, even if you are successful in getting the bike to start. Then the charging system will be strained running the bike with the low battery, possibly causing damage to the alternator components.

When a battery is in a low state of charge (for a period of time), the acid in it separates (as mentioned in last paragraph). This causes a condition known as sulfation. Sulfation causes deterioration of the lead plates inside the battery, leading to an early failure. The lower that the batteries state of charge becomes, the faster sulfations effects take over, weakening the battery quicker.

Once a battery has been left completely dead, they will almost always not come back from that totally dead condition. The handful that will, are almost never very reliable or very strong again.

The bottom line to this battery deal is to work to never let the battery go dead or stored in a low state of charge.

It is best to think of motorcycle battery chargers or battery trickle chargers as a maintenance system. A motorcycle battery chargers or battery trickle chargers are basically designed to replace the energy required to start the motorcycle. In effect, a battery that started the bike at 80% charge, will likely only get to 80-85% after running. Not only will riding the bike with a low battery not fully charge the battery, this causes the battery charger to charge as hard as it can while trying to charge the low battery. A motorcycle battery charger or battery trickle charger are not designed to stay at full charge level for extended periods. When required to do so, this over heats rectifiers, stator windings, and regulator components causing them to fail. This only adds to the cost of replacing the battery that was failing anyway.

A motorcycle battery charger or battery trickle charger can be purchased for below $40. If you prefer not to have to remember to plug/unplug the charger during storage, a battery trickle charger is a great solution as they can be left plugged in.

Many vehicle owners may be unaware it is not always necessary to buy a brand new engine when the old one in their car fails to work. As in clothes and furniture, there are also second hand engines that although may not have the newest parts can still perform its needed functions. These are the so-called rebuilt or remanufactured engines.

Rebuilt engines are those that have been dismantled, checked, cleaned and their parts repaired or replaced for upgrading purposes. Using this type of engine known as repowering is less expensive compared to purchasing a new engine or vehicle and it can even lengthen your cars life if you choose the right one for your vehicle. Some parts may still be the original or they can be slightly used or they can also be brand new. Whats important to remember is to always ask for a warranty from manufacturers. Others may provide a certified staff and checks on used engines or a combination of both.
Involved in the process of rebuilding engines are the reforming of the piston-cylinder system, smoothing and lubricating of all bearings, regrounding of crankshaft or camshaft and connecting of rods that have been gauged. Replacement of other parts including the timing belt and gaskets may also be needed.

A big advantage of using rebuilt engines is its low cost despite the intensive labor that went into manufacturing it. There are many online vendors these days that offer cheap rebuilt and used engines or motors of various brands allowing vehicle owners to gain sufficient savings. Among the popular brands that are in demand are the Ford engines as well as those from Japanese-made vehicles such as Toyota and Honda.

Another benefit of rebuilding engines is the fact that they are now able to meet the latest original equipment manufacturer (OEM) specifications. With improvements in OEM specifications different from the original, your engine has a good chance of running smoother and more efficiently than before.

In line with this trend of using rebuilt engines, the Automotive Repair Council (ARC) is taking steps to inform consumers about the advantages of installing a rebuilt engine and availing of machine shop services instead of buying a new or used vehicle or using a used engine. The council advocates that using a remanufactured engine is as good or even better than the original one. It is now distributing copies of its 16-page consumer booklet to its members in various states while providing relevant information on its website.

If youre one person considering using rebuilding engines or rebuilding your existing engine, Low Mileage Engines can help you. This company sells only certified remanufactured used car and truck engines both domestic and foreign models to include Chevrolet, Cadillac, Audi, Hyundai, BMW, Jeep, Toyota, Nissan and Lincoln. Low Mileage Engines supplies engines with verified mileage via the Carfax mileage verification.

Automotive 1Ethanol cars work in a way very similar to normal gasoline cars, and are a great viable alternative fuel option because of current high gas prices. The only real difference is that ethanol car engines are able to utilize the biofuel ethanol instead of oil based gasoline.

Ethanol fuel itself is extracted from plants such as corn or sugarcane, and refined into an alcohol. This alcohol is suitable to be used as a biofuel in cars and other vehicles. Most hybrid automobile engines that use ethanol can also use gasoline, and are also called flex-fuel engines. The ethanol is injected into the engine in the same way as a non-hybrid automobile engine. Though ethanol gives slightly less miles per gallon than gasoline, it doesn’t create as much air pollution when it is burned.

The similarities between ethanol flex-fuel engines and standard engines make ethanol cars cheaper than most alternative or hybrid vehicles, because they are built in much the same way as a regular engine. Ethanol is actually cheaper in some cases than gasoline, and thus a hybrid that runs on ethanol can be less expensive to operate than a gasoline based vehicle.

Most standard automobiles can even run on a 10% mixture of ethanol in gasoline. Many gas stations around the world offer ethanol as an alternative to gasoline, and in some countries cars are required to run on ethanol.

You can find out more information about Hybrid Cars at ProHybrid.com along with video news, reviews, and tools such as price quotes and an automotive loan calculator.

Diagnosis of the first failure can be measured. Application of gauges and instruments in accordance with national standards for car parts and various parameters of the effective measure of fault diagnosis and debugging is an indispensable method. Do not overlook the use of launch x431.Measure the length of use to the meter stick, and the length of the measure, including diameter, gap and displacement measurement to use to micrometer, micrometers, plug, plug ruler, tape measure, etc.; force and gravity measurements to use to measure force meter, and weighing devices, etc.; pressure and vacuum measurement use to gauge and vacuum table, etc.. Automotive measuring instruments also have a variety of measurement units, such as use for the measurement of sound pressure sound pressure level of dB values; for voltage measurement to the underlying value of such use.

For the steering system failure, use the instrument and the front wheel before the beam measured value of the steering wheels and so on before the beam; use the tire pressure gauge tire pressure measurement; point scale the amount available when necessary the rotation of the steering wheel to the exact determine cause of the malfunction. For the engine failure, to measure the cylinder in the engine cylinder after the dissolution of the diameter, measured piston diameter, thickness and open space, etc., to identify the exact cause of the failure to repair the engine; is to repair to re-measurement of the cylinder tube diameter, and in accordance with the requirements of groups, matching the piston and piston rings in order to fix the engine.

Diagnosis of electronic control system failure, even more indispensable measure, such as unstable or power of the lower engine work, the suspected oil pressure is insufficient, we must use the pressure gauge pressure measurement system; suspected electrical control system electronic control problems, necessary to use digital multimeter measuring voltage and resistance; with frequency counter and oscilloscope measurements such as frequency and amplitude. Hence a variety of measurement instruments and scales are maintenance personnel extension of eyes and hands, only to accurately determine the correct measure, while the seat of your pants is just the surface, the measurement method and instrumentation method combining the use of more measurement devices should be more accurate diagnosis.

Can also be sub-test for diagnosis of faults. lexia3 on solving problems is very effect. The so-called sub-checking method is the car mechanics of the motor vehicles on the line, with the system piping and check the nature of the fault line of work, inspections will be in accordance with the system starting from the power source system to the enforcement agencies along the route lookup is also available after to pre-order search, you can find from the middle, depending on the experience of the examiner. If suddenly from the implementing agencies to find a good course, or have to return back to previous search.

For example, and instructions for lighting system failure, the principle should be power on – switch – fuse – Relay – wire – light bulb line, front to back beginning to find that experience can first check the fuse, some people might first check light bulbs, there is people may first check relay, when the front to back or forward, finding out may occur in the middle of the problem may be bad combination switch, there may be broken wire somewhere.

The brake system failure, the principle on the brake pedal should be – vacuum boosters – brake master cylinder – Brake Lines – load sensing valve – brake pipe – wheel brakes in order to be checked. For experience you can from the wheel brake or brake master cylinder started checking, and then check the other part; but difficult for the brake system failure, it should be after the use of measuring instruments used to to check and measure. To find the cause of the malfunction.

The steering drive system failure, the principle on the steering wheel should be – Steering – Steering gear – steering wheel of the order of inspection. For convenience, you can shift gears from somewhere open, easier to determine fault in the steering gear or transmission of the rear part. Use of the existing theoretical knowledge, with the sub-test for orderly conduct of inspection, will eventually find the root causes of failure.

Partial disassembly method can also diagnose faults..Called partial disassembly method, that is, car mechanics Yijing identify a fault in the assembly Mouge After it, a time not Zhunquepanduan which half of the failures occurred, they can in accordance with the assembly of the working principle of the demolition of a local Bufen function check, and then put something in the method. If the method used properly, can immediately determine the site of fault, therefore, be regarded as a simple partial disassembly method of rapid diagnosis of vehicle faults.Partial disassembly method and test method has many similarities, the difference is mainly local demolition method to demolition, dismantling and try again in a diagnostic faults.

For example, a suspected engine cylinder is not working, single-cylinder off oil removal method can be used to check, remove the partial demolition of a high pressure pipe fittings cylinder engine running in both speed and sound change is that the tank is working properly; without reflecting is not working properly.Some of the best major to diagnostic techniques, such as mb star.Lack of engine power when the suspect blocked air filter, you can try removing the air filter core engine, such as the power of the air filter case without recovery, fault here.

Partial disassembly method is actually to work the engine or the electric loss of the original function, while movements in non-normal conditions, it must be careful disassembly, when it comes to security projects to take appropriate safety measures. Better technology has launch x431, lexia3, mb star. All the fault diagnosis methods are complementary, the purpose is to find the car the fault occurred. Flexible use of fault diagnosis, fault can find cars, targeted on the cars and engines maintenance, restoration of normal use function.

Vehicle maintenance is past the core machinery repair manual skills, the main emphasis on vehicle maintenance technology, and to repair parts for the major maintenance technology, but also assembly and disassembly process to adjust the combination of parts repair process. The tools we can use to launch x431, lexia3, mb star.In contrast, the modern automobile maintenance is based on mechanical, electrical, hydraulic integration of the core of the comprehensive system diagnostics diagnostics.

Automobile Maintenance prominent diagnostic techniques, and to accurately diagnose faults as the goal, fully demonstrating the “seven diagnostic, one-third of repair” of the modern car maintenance methods; a result, many electronics companies have coveted cars, and equipment maintenance markets, have developed to meet the future automotive self-diagnosis tasks.

In the solid basis of development of automotive electronics automobile self-diagnosis function. Do not overlook the launch x431 of use.Since the beginning of electronic technology and vehicle technology combination, the electronic technology in the car on the increasingly wide range of applications, especially in the field of electronic technology of integrated circuits, large-scale integrated circuits and VLSI development, a car special offers functionality, reliability, fast response, low cost of automotive electronic control systems.

However, the electronic vehicle control, but also brought new problems. First, automobile electronic control systems become more complex, more and more difficult vehicle maintenance, vehicle maintenance capability of technical staff is relatively increased; other hand, the electronic control system security debugging features to prevent car because electronic control system itself fails, resulting in vehicle emissions control and can not run.

Therefore, in order to cope with situations such as these, automotive electronic control technology R & D personnel, conducting Vehicle Electronic Control System design, while increasing fault self diagnosis system. It can run the process in the automotive electronic control systems continuously monitor, including: engine start, engine, electronic ignition, fuel injection and other system operation status.

Once Fashengyichang case, Zaigen Ju-specific algorithms calculate Chujutidi Guzhang reasons, and to Dai Ma Xingshicunchu in the driving system (or Chen traffic black box), while the corresponding fault Yunxing module Gongneng start, Shi Chan Sheng failure of Qi Ju Neng to repair shop for maintenance, and technical maintenance personnel can use the vehicle self-diagnostic function to find the fault code for the failure to accurately repair the problem fast.

The basic principle of fault self-diagnosis and composition. Reliability and easy maintenance from the point of view, automotive electronic control system should be equipped with self-diagnostic function; since the 80’s GM vehicles the United States developed the first in a new electronic control system malfunction self-diagnostic function to add, the global world-class car manufacturers emulate, have produced in various electronic control systems equipped with a fault in the self-diagnostic function; after a long period of development, self-diagnostic module will not only address the safety of automobile electronic control systems and vehicle storage memory failure also able to provide immediate car produced by a variety of system operation parameters. Also noted that the use of what tools, such as lexia3 of use.Since then, the “car fault self-diagnosis function” has become the new car factory and car repair workshop fault detection problem indispensable helper.

The basic principle of fault self-diagnosis and composition. Reliability and easy maintenance from the point of view, automotive electronic control system should be equipped with self-diagnostic function; since the 80’s GM vehicles the United States developed the first in a new electronic control system malfunction self-diagnostic function to add, the global world-class car manufacturers emulate, have produced in various electronic control systems equipped with a fault in the self-diagnostic function; after a long period of development, self-diagnostic module will not only address the safety of automobile electronic control systems and vehicle storage memory failure also able to provide immediate car produced by a variety of system operation parameters. Since then, the “car fault self-diagnosis function” has become the new car factory and car repair workshop fault detection problem indispensable helper.

Currently, for sensors, electronic control systems, implementation of the components are three kinds of monitoring devices to detect the fault reason, fault self-diagnosis module to a different response measures:

When the car of a sensor or circuit failure, its signal can no longer control parameters of a vehicle, to car to run continuously, fault self-diagnosis program in the memory module did give out pre-set transfer the experience of value as input parameters of the circuit response, the automobile will continue to operate in a short time.

When the electronic control system itself produces failure, fault diagnosis module will Chufabeiyong control loop response of Jiandan right control, cars can Kaidao repair scheduled maintenance emergency called fault “Auto failure limp “feature.

When the car took place on an implementation of the components of unknown cause of the malfunction may result in damage or serious consequences for other components, to be safe, self-diagnostic module to take certain safety measures, the implementation of certain functions automatically stop, this function is called fail-safe.Also to consider the use of mb star. For example: When the ignition failure, fault self-diagnosis module will stop the fuel injection system provides the power to suspend the fuel injection nozzle supply, restrain the gas mixture is not burning completely into the exhaust system to reduce accidents occurred.

Are used to cut or level a paint film surface with an abrasive machine polish (or compound) or to apply a polish to large surface areas. Aggressively removes 1500 – 2000 grit scratches, but will leave hazing, use a foam pad and a finishing polish to eliminate. Wool pads are made from various mixtures of wool and other materials (natural wool, foam and wool, blended wool and synthetic wool) Like foam a wool pads abrasive ability is closely tied to its composition i.e. generally the softer the wool the less aggressive the cut

Paint Removed by Polishing

Using a medium abrasive polish and a rotary polisher will remove approximately 0. 1 Mil (3 (Microns)) from the paint surface (typically 4 passes at 1500-1800 RPM) but there are many variables such as polish/compound and speed / pressure used that may affect the paint removed) There comes a point when you must judge wither removing a scratch will compromise the clear coat and if so youll have to live with the imperfection.

If you have reservations about the amount of paint surface removed or the amount of paint coating remaining the use of a paint thickness gauge (PTG) is arbitrary

These numbers are offered as a guide only, as there are too many variables to provide any more than an approximation.

Wool pad compositions

Manufacturers control a pad’s aggressiveness by increasing or decreasing the nap height. As you shorten the length from a 1.5  inch, down to a 1- inch nap, the pad becomes much more aggressive because the individual wool strands are able to stand on end more readily. This creates a scrubbing action whereas the 1-1/2 inch strands lay down almost immediately when used.

Natural wool is most aggressive – 50/50 wool/acrylic blends intermediate – lambs wool the least aggressive Always use the least aggressive product first, evaluate the surface, then only if necessary `step-up’ to a more abrasive product and / or pad.

Natural wool

Leaves clear coat finishes with less haze and swirls than conventional polishing pads, fibres can be compressed and still recover their natural shape, less shedding, as they are manufactured with more fibres per square inch than synthetic wool pads. A denser pile surface distributes and applies material evenly and consistently, natural fibres are tapered with no splattering of applied materials and less scratch marks.

Micro Mesh TufBuf Polishing Pads

Black Lambs wool polishing pads are designed to repair clear-coat finishes, made from natural lambs wool, durable, well-balanced and effective that major automotive manufacturers use them, leaves clear-coat finishes with less haze and swirl than conventional foam or wool polishing pads.

The dense 0.75  inch nap material has 60,000 fibres per square inch versus 13,000 per square inch for synthetic pads, this nap surface distributes and applies material evenly and consistently. This very soft 100% lambs wool pad can be used for final (finesse) polishing as its even softer the LC CCS
Gold Ultra soft foam

Foam and wool

These pads are a compromise with the safety of foam and the polishing ability of natural wool; a patented process encapsulates the base of the lambs wool fibres with microscopic polyurethane foam particles. Cuts like natural sheepskin but finishes like a foam pad, the foamed fibres resist matting and compression. The foaming process also creates minute air pockets at the base of the fibres, which improves cushioning and retention of compounds and polishes.

Purple Foamed Wool Pad

Foamed Wool is a patented process that places a bottom cushion of microscopic polymer foam particles under a top layer of lambs wool fibres. Lake Country Mfg. developed these pads for high production, OEM/Industrial users. Aggressively removes 1500 grit scratches, leaving a lustrous finish with no hazing by reducing compounding swirls while retaining a high gloss Patented process encapsulates the base of the lambs wool fibres with microscopic polythene foam particles. Cuts like natural sheepskin but finishes like a foam pad. Foamed fibres resist caking and matting, foaming process also creates minute air pockets at the base of the fibres, which improves cushioning and retention of compounds and polishes.

Note- not recommended for random orbital machines (Porter Cable 7424, etc)

Blended wool

A mix of wool and synthetic materials, this could be wool and yarn for cutting, wool and polyester for polishing, the more synthetic material content the more abrasive the pad.

Synthetic wool

This material produces heat very rapidly, so be very careful with these pads as they can quickly cause damage to a paint surface and can cause major surface marring a four-ply twisted synthetic wool pad can destroy a clear coat in a very short time.

4 Ply 100% Twisted Wool

Each strand of high grade wool fibre is tightly twisted, allowing our pad to stay at a consistent level of aggression for longer periods of operation. Choose 3 inch, 4inch, and 5inch diameters with a 1/2inch or 3/4inch pile height.

Choose shorter pile for your most aggressive compounding and longer pile for aggressive compounding with greater durability.

50/50 Wool Acrylic

A unique fibre combination for light compounding comprised of 50% 4 ply twisted wool and 50% single strand wool/acrylic blend. Allows the operator to accomplish a range of light compounding to heavier polishing tasks depending on the compound or polish used.

Electrified White Sheepskin

The electrification process removes the microscopic barbs from the hairs in the wool resulting in a soft and effective compounding material that does not scratch the painted surface. Choose 3 inch, 4inch, and 5inch diameters with a 1/2inch or 3/4inch pile height.

Wool Pros & Cons

Pro -faster cutting generates less heat and therefore leaves the surface cooler, removes heavy oxidation much more efficiently than a form pad. Wool pads are easier to control compared to foam. They glide as the wool nap lies down and will conform to vehicle body shape easily. Make certain to spur the wool fibres when it loads up with product.

Con -wool can leave micro marring (buffer trails) finish with a foam pad to remove. Dont overwork the polish as wool will break diminishing abrasives faster than foam, the surface lubricants will dry up faster and you could end up dry buffing unless youre careful.

General notes

1.Cut with wool pads; (foam produces the most surface friction heat) and finish with foam pads, the fibres of the wool pad leave a very fine micro marring on the paint surface.
2.Speed, the general rule is; limit speed on wool pads to 1500 RPM The bigger the pad the faster the cut, the coarser the compound, the faster the cut, the more aggressive the pad, the faster the cut Wool cuts faster than lambs wool, foamed wool is next and then foam. You pay the price for polishing too fast with swirl marks caused by the compound and pad combination.
3.Compared to foam; wool pads have a larger available cutting surface area per square inch, which is due to the structure of the individual wool fibres compared to that of foam, allowing faster cutting action with less friction heat, utilizing less downward pressure
4.The application of water – is not needed to supplement surface lubrication, but it helps to free the abrasive from sticking to the wool fibres. It also helps the pad to conform to surface contours more easily, effectively increasing the surface-area. Note- it may increase the abrasive abilities of the pad.

Urethane Backing Plates

Used by BMW, Mercedes and other European automakers in their assembly plants.

Advantages of Flexible, Urethane Backing Plates

The Velcro brand fastening material is moulded into the plate eliminating delaminating.
The flexible edge reduces spontaneous heat build-up when transitioning from flat to contoured surfaces. These plates are recommended for compounding, polishing and finishing “soft” German clear coats.
Vastly reduced heat transfer keeps motor heat from being transferred to the paint surface.
Plated steel threaded insert will not cross-thread.
Reinforced inner construction uses steel struts moulded into the centre hub for superior strength.
Bevelled outer edge allows easy pad removal and replacement.
5/8  inch x 11 female thread is for US/CA rotary fitting.
UK/EU is M14

Lake County (LC) – 43-125WH Grip Easy Moulded Urethane (5/8″ x 11) 4 7/8″ (125mm)

3M Perfect-it III Rotary Backing Plate – 125mm two different female thread sizes; M14 EU (09552) for use with threaded rotary polishers – Makita 9227CB and Metabo PE12-175) and a 5/8  inch for US / CA (09553) made from an impact resistant synthetic nylon plate bonded to a 25mm thick layer of dense cellular foam. The highly flexible design allows for very easy transitioning from flat to contoured surfaces and the hook and loop backing material enables quick and easy pad changes.

Always use the recommended size backing plate for the sized pad you are using. Never use a backing plate that is larger than the foam pad or disc.

Every vehicle owner has to take care of their vehicle. Most of us tend to take more care than others in that we want to makes sure that our car is in great condition. Therefore, some of us tend to be a bit more cautious and tend to change certain parts of our cars sooner than is necessary. This can be the same said of a vehicle’s wheels and tyres. Are we changing it too soon? Or are we changing it too late? When is the optimal time to replace your car’s tyres?

This is a question we all ponder. Have you ever just walked around your car and looked at your tyres wondering if it is time to change the tyres? You probably have. There are certain tell-tale signs that indicate when to change your tyres.

If your tyre’s tread is less than 1mm then it is time to change your tyres. It is imperative that you change it at this stage and don’t leave it for another time because, believe it or not, it is the law. Besides the law, it is very unsafe to drive with smooth tyres. You risk the tyres not being able to grip the road which means that it could slide in wet or even in dry conditions. Of course, it is much worse if it slides in wet conditions because you could lose all control of your vehicle due to lack of sufficient grip.

If your car’s tyre has a puncture this is a definite indication that you need to replace the affected tyre. You cannot drive with a tyre that is losing air as it will create an imbalance in your vehicle which can be very dangerous. A vehicle has to be sufficiently balance on all four wheels and tyres in order to drive optimally. Any imbalance can cause the car to sway out of control and bear into other vehicles or objects.

If your wheels and tyres are not properly aligned they may wear irregularly. If your tyres wear quickly and irregularly across the four tyres, this could be hazardous when driving as your tyres are not all wearing at the same pace. Some may be weaker than others and could cause irregularity in your driving and result in less than optimum grip.

Therefore, you know it is time to replace your wheels and tyres when the tyre tread is less than 1mm, the tyre has a puncture or there is irregularity in the tyre’s wear.

Minty’s is amongst the leading tyre suppliers in South Africa, and is recognized for our high standard of customer service. We have built a reputation amongst our customers and ensure that they receive tyres and alloy wheels of the highest quality, amongst the largest brands nationwide.

cropped-cropped-Automotive-2.jpgIt is essential that you know how to check your tyres as they are the only part of your car that makes contact with the road surface and they play a critical role in the steering, braking and general safety of your car.

You need to ensure that your tyres are inflated at the correct pressure. There are cars out there that have two recommended air pressure ratings, one for light loads and one for heavy loads. You will find the information on the tyre pressure requirements for your vehicle in your owner’s manual or on a sticker in the door jammer or in a petrol filler cap.. There is a number on the tyre’s side that indicates the maximum pressure the tyre can withstand, not the recommended amount. There are possible consequences for inflating your tyres too much (high pressure) as well as if you inflate it to little (low pressure) because both could cause blow outs. Low pressure can cause extra heat buildup that can lead to a blowout at high speeds. Low tyre pressure has been connected to a lot of problems from accidents to premature wear, and even low petrol mileage. Your car will not handle or respond the way it is designed to if the tyres are under-inflated.

You also need to check on your tyre tread. Take note that the minimum legal tread depth limit in South Africa is 1mm. You should ensure that you change your tyres before the legal limit is reached. It is advisable that you check your tyre tread at least once a month; rather be safe than sorry. Secure and accurate tyre tread is essential when traveling on a long road trip and on highways. Tyres heat up on long trips which can cause blowouts on worn out tyres. If the tyres are showing any tread wear, replace the tyres. If the tyres have uneven tread wear, check the alignment too. Ensure there are no defects in the sidewall of the tyres or bulges and bald spots on your tyres. It is critical for steering and braking to have good, well maintained tyres.

In case you have identified a need to change the tyre you will need to be prepared by insuring that the spare is inflated and that your jack is in good condition. If you are changing a tyre on the road side then you must turn on your hazard lights. You need to ensure that there is no one in the car while you are changing the tyre. You need to pull up the handbrake and take the car out of gear. The wheels on the side that is not being lifted must be blocked. The nuts on the wheels should be loosened while the vehicle is on the ground. The jack needs to be placed on firm ground that is as flat as possible. You need to slowly raise the car and then you can now remove the nuts and the wheel. Replace the wheel with the spare and replace the wheel nuts and make sure they are secured. When you lower the car you should tighten them properly; if you over- tighten the nuts you can damage the brake components and if you do not tighten them enough that is very dangerous so you have to be extra careful.

You should get that changed tyre checked at the nearest service station to ensure that all is done right and ensure your safety on the road.

Every car owner wants his or her car to be in the best condition. There are several products in the market that can help the car owners to maintain their cars in the best condition. People who are even looking to sell used car can also fetch higher price by making there car bright and shine. Many car owners often wonder what the best product for their car is. Shine and texture of the car color plays a vital role in enhancing the overall appearance of the car body especially if one looking to be the first one in buying cars like Nissan Evalia or Renault Scala. Wax and polish are two of the most popular products that can help in enhancing the aesthetics and appearance of the car. Car owners often wonder which of these two products are better for their car. Both these products need to be used in sync with each other for best results.

Polish is a coarse product that is used to sand the surface of the car. It works by sanding the surface in order to bring luster to the body surface. Main objective of using a polish is to smooth the surface of the car body. It takes off any irregularities on the paint and allows the coat to shine effortlessly. Polish is generally required for old cars. It is recommended by the mechanics when the coat of paint loses its shine. This happens due to wear and tear of the car. Sunlight also causes the paint to go flat. Environmental factors also cause oxidation, which leads to degeneration of the paint. Polish is used with an objective of restoring the shine and finish of the body paint.

Wax is a smooth product that is used to seal the paint of the car. Wax works like a protective coat on the car’s body. Wax is used to seal off newly painted car body. One must use car wax appropriately. Wax should be applied by professionals or mechanics only. Wax is used after applying polish. Waxing is a process that is undertaken to protect the car’s body from environmental factors and regular wear and tear. Waxing also prevents the process of oxidation and thereby augments corrosion of the body exteriors.

One must understand that wax and polish are essential to protect the car and enhance its appearance and can be great if buys at time of delivery of new cars in India. One must buy these products from authorized dealers only. It is best that one seeks help from an authorized service personnel or a local mechanic for choosing the appropriate product. One must not ignore the role of these two products in enhancing the life of one’s car.

There is an ongoing dispute between the US government and electric car manufacturers regarding potential safety concerns. The fact that electric vehicles of today tend not to make any noise up to 17 mph has prompted calls for legislation to pre-fit all electric vehicles with noise technology which will filter out at 17 mph. This may seem rather bizarre to those on the outside looking in but there are a number of aspects which need to be addressed.

Is safety really a problem with silent electric cars?

To answer this question, next time you walk up a busy street just think to yourself, did you see that car coming before you heard it? The reality is that subconsciously we tend to hear vehicles before we see them and as such, and bearing in mind that electric cars are basically silent until 17 mph, there is the potential for pedestrians and cyclists to be unaware that electric cars are behind them.

Research by the US government suggests that there would be 2,800 fewer accidents involving electric cars and pedestrians/cyclists if they were fitted with some kind of noise technology. This has in the minds of some people opened up a number of opportunities for ring tone type noises to be added to electric cars as their “signature”. However, this particular idea is proving to be very controversial!

Would you recognise a non-traditional car noise?

The idea that some electric cars could have their own ring tone as a signature tune for their engines sounds good from a marketing point of view, but in reality it is a non-starter. Having a ringtone, or some other form of non-traditional engine noise, installed into an electric vehicle would be just as bad, if not worse, than having a silent vehicle.

Subconsciously you would not be able to connect some kind of ring tone signature tune with that of a traditional gasoline/petrol or electric vehicle – of which we are all very aware. So this would not in any shape or form assist with the safety aspects which have been drawn to the attention of the US government by various disabled charities and charities for the blind.

What does the electric vehicle industry think?

There will be some battles over the next few months with regards to noise creation for electric vehicles as the industry is not convinced. In a worst-case scenario the industry would like the sound effects to be filtered out at 12.4 mph at which point it believes that traditional electric engine noise would take over and act as a safety valve. There are even some electric car enthusiasts who believe that the silent engine associated with this type of vehicle is perhaps one of its best selling points.

Whatever happens in the future there is no doubt that electric vehicles will see some form of noise technology added in the years ahead. At the end of the day we are playing with safety, the safety of pedestrians and cyclists, and there can be no room for marketing angles and “off the wall ideas”.